I had the opportunity to visit a heritage site during recent travels to Britain. What I found was astonishing.
In the tiny town of Ightam is a medieval manor house, surrounded by a mote. Why is this medieval manor house important for Architects?
Like all historical architecture, it tells us as much about our collective history as written documents or history books. We just need to interpret the architecture within the context of the times. Thankfully Ightam Mote has not been destroyed the past seven hundred years, and plenty of original features are preserved. You see, there are two very important features of Ightam Mote. The first is the mote, of course, and the second is a courtyard.
During the 14th century when Ightam Mote was first constructed, there was no powerful central government. Instead regional fiefs often competed for resources and prestige, and the manor house served as the center. Some manor houses served as marketplaces, but it is unclear if this was true at Ightam Mote. Sometimes neighboring fief-doms would attack, so it was necessary to defend the manor. Hence the need for a watery moat, and a central courtyard to protect the peasants.
In exchange for protection, the peasants would labor in the fields and pay taxes to the lord of the manor. This system later broke down, and was replaced by systems of labor more similar to our own. By understanding this transition, we can understand our own ideas of labor and compensation better. For a little more information I have included a short "History of Britain" Youtube video on how manor houses worked.
I also found an amazing restoration video about the manor house. Ightam Mote is also important because the Herculean restoration efforts in 2003 are astonishing. The amount of time and money to restore the site to original condition is remarkable. What the restoration architects teach us is that the old way of building is superior to new techniques. The old construction methods are time tested, and are guaranteed to work, even if workers prefer new building methods. Watch the “Time Team” YouTube video at the 27:00 min mark.